The Antidote to an Overdose: The Naloxone Kit

Seunga (Jasmine) Han, PharmD Candidate What Are Opioid Medications? Opioids are a class of medications that include codeine, morphine and hydromorphone and several others. In medical practice, opioid medications are used to treat severe or chronic pain that does not respond to weaker medications like those that are available over-the-counter. Outside of pain therapy, special opioids like…

Probiotics for Treating Diarrhea

Ethos Ho, BSc Pharm Candidate What are Probiotics? The word “probiotic” means “for life” as opposed to “antibiotic” which means “against life.” In medicine, probiotics refer to products containing live microorganisms that help improve the balance of intestinal microorganisms.1 In contrast to antibiotics, probiotics promote the growth of essential gut bacteria, instead of eradicating microorganisms. If…

Performance-Enhancing Drugs Part 1: How World-Class Athletes Get Away with ‘Doping’

Ty Johnston, PharmD Candidate Competitive Edge For as long as sports have been around, so has been the desire to gain a competitive edge. With huge financial incentives and relentless pressure from the sports industry, the use of performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) has been increasing.2 In the light of Robinson Cano’s game suspension,1 part one of this two-part…